|Older Adults and Health Care Reform|
|Community First Choice Option|
|Nursing Home Transparency|
|Criminal Background Checks|
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Community First Choice Option
- H.R. 3590 will establish the Community First Choice Option, which will create a state plan option under section 1915 of the Social Security Act to provide community-based attendant supports and services to individuals with disabilities who are Medicaid eligible and who require an institutional level of care. These services and supports include assistance to individuals with disabilities in accomplishing activities of daily living and health related tasks. States that choose the Community First Choice Option will be eligible for an enhanced federal match rate of an additional six percentage points for reimbursable expenses in the program.
- The Community First Choice Option also will require data collection to help determine how states currently are providing home- and community-based services, the cost of those services, and whether states currently offer individuals with disabilities, who otherwise qualify for institutional care under Medicaid, the choice to receive home- and community-based services instead, as required by the U.S. Supreme Court in Olmstead v. L.C. (1999).
- The Community First Choice Option also will modify the Money Follows the Person Rebalancing Demonstration to reduce the amount of time required for individuals to qualify for that program to 90 days.